Disability Rights

The Independence Center

729 S. Tejon St. Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Advocacy: www.TheIndependenceCenter.com
The Independence Center is a local nonprofit organization that provides traditional and self-directed home health care, independent living, and advocacy services for people with disabilities.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990

www.adainformation.org
A federal civil rights law based on the 1984 Civil Rights Act. It affords protection against discrimination based on disability in employment, public services, accommodations, telecommunications, and accessible transportation.  This act requires employers to make reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified applicant or employee, unless such action would impose undue hardship on the employer.  It provides for effective communication for people with vision, hearing, or speech impairments, and became effective July 1992.

ADA Information Line:

www.adainformation.org

DBTAC Rocky Mountain ADA Center

(800) 949-4232, or (719) 444-0268
To get general ADA information, answers to technical questions, order free materials, or ask questions about filing a complaint.

Fair Housing Amendment Act – 1988

This act amends the Fair Housing Act of 1968 to include persons with disabilities.  Disabled persons must be allowed to buy or rent wherever they choose.  Landlords cannot prohibit necessary modifications for accessibility and all new construction must follow requirements for access.  Landlords are required to make reasonable accommodations with assistance in completion of paperwork.  They also must allow for working and companion animals as determined necessary by a physician.  It provides for reserved/accessible parking, communication support, and tenant obligation reminders.  Further, it provides for any reasonable accommodation that will help in following the requirements of the lease, as long as it does not change the basic nature of the housing program, cost too much, or cause excess work.  The disabled person will need proof, in writing, showing the accommodation will help them follow the terms of the lease.
https://www.hud.gov/program_offices/fair_housing_equal_opp/online-complaint

Air Carrier Access Act – 1986

This act prevents commercial airlines from discriminating against persons with disabilities directly or through contractual arrangements.  Airlines cannot exclude travelers with disabilities from any available services, and airport terminals must be fully accessible.
http://www.disabilitytravel.com/airlines/air_carrier_act.htm

Rehabilitation Act Sections 503 & 504 – 1973

Title V of the Act prohibits discrimination by any federal program that receives federal funding against any person with a disability.  This applies to employment, buildings and services.
http://www.elinfonet.com/504sum.php

Voting: Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped – 1984

According to the law, election officials must make the election process accessible to voters with disabilities.  This includes voter registration and poling sites.
http://www.familyvillage.wisc.edu/legal/voter-access.html

I.D.E.A. – Individual Disabilities Education Act – 1975

They mandate that children with disabilities receive a free and appropriate education in the least restrictive environment possible. It legislates mainstreaming of children with disabilities in public schools.
OCR – Office of Civil Rights – 1-800-437-0833
OSEP – Office of Special Education – (202)205-5465
Colorado Department of Education – 303-866-6694 – www.cde.state.co.us